What is laparoscopy?
- A surgical procedure used to examine the organs inside the abdomen using an instrument called laparoscope.
- A laparoscope is a long, thin tube with a high-intensity light and a high definition camera at the front.
- It is inserted through a 0.5cm-1cm incision in the abdominal wall.
- The camera sends images to a video monitor on which the surgery is visualized.
- It can be used either to diagnose a condition or to treat a condition.
Who needs laparoscopy?
To diagnose following conditions:
- Acute or chronic pelvic pain
To treat following conditions
- Infertility – inability to conceive.
- Ectopic pregnancy – pregnancy in any other organ other than uterus like fallopian tube, ovary.
- Tubal sterilization- family planning operation.
- Ovarian cystectomy – removal of ovarian cyst.
- Myomectomy – removal of fibroid.
- Hysterectomy – removal of uterus.
- Tubal recanalisation procedures.
- Radical cancer surgeries.
What symptoms should take you to a gynaecological laparoscopic surgeon?
- Any couple who has not been able to conceive even after 1 year of unprotected intercourse or longer.
- Excessive/ heavy bleeding during menses.
- Irregular menstrual bleeding.
- Post menopausal vaginal bleeding.
- Pain in lower in lower abdomen – sudden or long standing.
- Excessive per vaginal discharge.
- Lump in the abdomen.
Why laparoscopy is better than open surgery?
- Magnification – visualisation is better and more clear.
- Less blood loss.
- Quicker postoperative recovery.
- Less postoperative pain.
- Shorter hospital stay.
- More rapid return to work and normal daily activities.
- Cosmetically better scars and healing.