What is laparoscopy?

  • A surgical procedure used to examine the organs inside the abdomen using an instrument called laparoscope.
  • A laparoscope is a long, thin tube with a high-intensity light and a high definition camera at the front. 
  • It is inserted through a 0.5cm-1cm incision in the abdominal wall. 
  • The camera sends images to a video monitor on which the surgery is visualized.
  • It can be used either to diagnose a condition or to treat a condition.

Who needs laparoscopy?

To diagnose following conditions:

  • Infertility
  • Acute or chronic pelvic pain
  • Endometriosis

To treat following conditions

  • Infertility – inability to conceive.
  • Ectopic pregnancy – pregnancy in any other organ other than uterus like fallopian tube, ovary.
  • Tubal sterilization- family planning operation.
  • Ovarian cystectomy – removal of ovarian cyst.
  • Myomectomy – removal of fibroid.
  • Hysterectomy – removal of uterus.
  • Tubal recanalisation procedures.
  • Radical cancer surgeries.

What symptoms should take you to a gynaecological laparoscopic surgeon?

  • Any couple who has not been able to conceive even after 1 year of unprotected intercourse or longer. 
  • Excessive/ heavy bleeding during menses.
  • Irregular menstrual bleeding.
  • Post menopausal vaginal bleeding.
  • Pain in lower in lower abdomen – sudden or long standing.
  • Excessive per vaginal discharge.
  • Lump in the abdomen.

Why laparoscopy is better than open surgery?

  • Magnification – visualisation is better and more clear.
  • Less blood loss.
  • Quicker postoperative recovery.
  • Less postoperative pain.
  • Shorter hospital stay.
  • More rapid return to work and normal daily activities.
  • Documentation.
  • Cosmetically better scars and healing.